How to Create a Stacked Bar Chart with D3.js

How to Create a Stacked Bar Chart with D3.js

Data visualization is a crucial aspect of data analysis. It helps us understand complex data by representing it in a graphical or pictorial format. One such effective method of data visualization is the stacked bar chart. In this guide, we'll learn how to create a stacked bar chart using D3.js, a powerful JavaScript library for creating data visualizations.

What is D3.js?

D3.js (or Data-Driven Documents) is a JavaScript library that allows you to bind arbitrary data to a Document Object Model (DOM), and then apply data-driven transformations to the document. In simpler terms, D3.js helps you bring data to life using HTML, SVG, and CSS.

What is a Stacked Bar Chart?

A stacked bar chart or graph is a chart that uses bars to represent different categories of data horizontally or vertically, with the length of the bar depicting the quantity for each category. The bars in a stacked bar chart are divided into multiple parts that represent different sub-categories of the main category.

Creating a Stacked Bar Chart with D3.js

Let’s dive into the process of creating a stacked bar chart using D3.js.

Step 1: Setting Up the Environment

Before getting started, make sure you have D3.js installed. If not, you can include it in your HTML file using the following script tag:


Step 2: Preparing the Data

The first step towards creating a stacked bar chart is preparing the data. This involves deciding on the categories and sub-categories you want to represent and their respective values. Here's an example of how your data might look:

javascript var data = [ {month: 'January', apples: 3840, bananas: 1920, cherries: 960, dates: 400}, {month: 'February', apples: 1600, bananas: 1440, cherries: 960, dates: 400}, // more data... ];

Step 3: Creating the Chart

The next step is to create the SVG element and define its width and height. Additionally, we'll define the scales for the x and y axes.

javascript var svg ="svg"), margin = {top: 20, right: 20, bottom: 30, left: 40}, width = +svg.attr("width") - margin.left - margin.right, height = +svg.attr("height") - - margin.bottom;

var x = d3.scaleBand() .rangeRound([0, width]) .paddingInner(0.05) .align(0.1);

var y = d3.scaleLinear() .rangeRound([height, 0]);

Step 4: Adding the Data and Drawing the Bars

Finally, we'll add the data to our SVG element and draw the bars for our stacked bar chart.

Here's the code to do that:

javascript var stack = d3.stack() .keys(["apples", "bananas", "cherries", "dates"]) .order(d3.stackOrderNone) .offset(d3.stackOffsetNone);

var series = stack(data);

x.domain( { return d.month; })); y.domain([0, d3.max(series, function(d) { return d3.max(d, function(d) { return d[1]; }); })]).nice();

svg.append("g") .selectAll("g") .data(series) .enter().append("g") .attr("fill", function(d) { return color(d.key); }) .selectAll("rect") .data(function(d) { return d; }) .enter().append("rect") .attr("x", function(d) { return x(; }) .attr("y", function(d) { return y(d[1]); }) .attr("height", function(d) { return y(d[0]) - y(d[1]); }) .attr("width", x.bandwidth());

And there you have it - a stacked bar chart created with D3.js! This chart can be a powerful tool for visualizing data, and with D3.js, creating such complex visualizations becomes a lot more manageable.

Remember, this is just a basic example. D3.js is a very powerful library that allows you to create complex and interactive data visualizations. So, don't hesitate to explore more of its features and functions. Happy coding!